About Jiu Jitsu
Jiu Jitsu, a japanese word meaning “the gentle art,” is a martial art system that avoids reliance on violence and weapons. Students of Jiu Jitsu learn to defend against bigger, stronger opponents by using balance and leverage to take an opponent to the ground, where expertly applied holds and joint-locks further minimize any strength advantage.
Jiu Jitsu first began during the Sengoku period of the Muromachi period combining various Japanese martial arts which were used on the battlefield for close combat in situations where weapons were ineffective. In contrast to the neighbouring nations of China and Okinawa whose martial arts were centered around striking techniques, Japanese hand-to-hand combat forms focused heavily upon throwing, immobilizing, joint locks and choking as striking techniques were ineffective towards someone wearing armor on the battlefield. The original forms of Jiu Jitsu such as Takenouchi-ryū also extensively taught parrying and counterattacking long weapons such as swords or spears via a dagger or other small weapon.